英文寫作讚 – 『How to…』 題型

英文寫作讚 – 『How to…』 題型

不論何種題型的英文寫作,主要在論述個人看法,而考試分數高低多半取決於你的論述是否具說服力

一個具說服力的論述需要具備: 看法 + 說明。這兩個要素構成內文段(開頭、結尾之外的段落),而每一段只論述一個看法,加上一個或多個說明

不常寫英文的人,建議先從 ”How to…” 題型開始練習,這類型結合自己興趣、專長、經驗,比較容易發揮。

結構
現在,以 ”How to Plan Your Overseas Vacation” 為例,示範 看法 + 說明 的寫法。
首先,思考要用幾點來闡述題目,這幾點就是你的看法,譬如,決定地點找班機安排住宿等三點。下筆時,每一點自成一段。請看下面 ”決定地點” 的範例:
Firstly, deciding your destination by your friends (看法). With advanced technology and transportation in the global village, we have so many places to choose from that we don’t even know where to go. You can simply save plenty of time to find a hot spot from your relatives or friends. Usually, they are glad to provide some details such as currency, climate, and culture for your information (劃線部分說明該看法).
先不管文法對錯,內文段(開頭、結尾段之外的段落)第一句先帶出你的看法,之後的句子都是針對該看法所提出的說明。
技巧
  • 看法部份: 句首需要一個像 first, second, next, after that, 等副詞字,句子盡量減短,複雜句型(子句、分詞、同位格等)用在說明
  • 說明部份: 可以是理由、舉例、經驗、引述要直接,不能扯東扯西,而且第一句裡的關鍵字務必反覆出現在後面說明,產生關聯性。這些關鍵字再出現時,需要換字或換詞性

按照上述技巧,將範例問題部分劃底線:

Firstly, deciding (不完整動詞) your destination by your friends. With advanced technology and transportation in the global village, we have so many places to choose from that we don’t even know where to go. (並未直接說明看法). You can simply (贅字) save plenty of time to find a hot spot (錯字) from your relatives or friends. Usually, they are glad (不是重點) to provide some details such as currency, climate, and culture for your information.
請看下面訂正(藍色字)與增加部份(紅色字):
Firstly, decide your destination by discussing with people you know. You would save plenty of time finding points of interest or countries worth visiting by consulting your relatives or friends. They may be able to share with you their travel experiences. Details about currency, climate, and culture will be of great value in finding the right place for your holiday.
說明
  • 第一句的關鍵字 destination, people you know
  • 關鍵字反覆出現在說明,並換字。destination 換成 points of interest, countries, place; people you know 換成 relatives or friends, they, their
  • 句子長短交叉出現,易讀易懂,準備留學考的人值得注意的地方。
顯然的,英文寫作難的地方在說明部份,要兼具直接關聯性,而且要換字。當然,要做到這幾點可能不是一夕間,但絕對可以藉由不停的模仿、練習,抓到要領。
有興趣的人可以試試看寫第二點,可以參考下面的看法:
Next, look for flights to get you to your holiday destination.

About the Author

智庫編輯群致力於提供實用英文寫作相關知識和練習,我們非常歡迎你對於所提供資訊的任何看法、建議。