寫作時,如何變換時態?

寫作時,如何變換時態?

英文表達,多用簡單現在或過去式開始,先建立一個時間基準點,再決定是要在原點繼續描述(同一時態),還是往前或往後改變時態(第二個時間點)。讓我舉例說明:

As a kid, I obeyed my parents and behaved like I was told. As a student, I studied hard and did my homework on time as (I was) requested by my teachers. (這兩句用 『As…』 暗示過去經驗,所以後面描述都用過去式(斜體字部份)。)
NOW, as an employee at a large company, I do what I am assigned to do and give it a hundred percent. (用 『NOW』 明示時間點改變,拉回到現在,動詞全用現在式。)

當然,也可用現在完成式下筆,但是句子要同時帶出兩個時間點(明示或暗示),例如:

I have tried to live up to someone else’s expectations all my life. (』all my life』 指從小到現在– 兩個不同時間點。)
As a kid, I obeyed my parents and behaved like I was told. As a student, I studied hard and did my homework on time as (I was) requested by my teachers. NOW, as an employee at a large company, I DO what I AM assigned to do. (這三句說明 『live up to someone else’s expectations』)
It seems my life is on the right track, but the truth is I am not happy. Something is missing. Trouble is I don’t know what that is. (最後這幾句都是個人想法,所以用簡單現在式)

寫作時態變換也許沒有想像中難,抓住幾個基本原則,加上今天做的時間點轉換示範,多讀多寫,你自然會抓到時態使用的訣竅。

About the Author

游志林 -- 英文智庫主編、工研院產經中心英文編修師、東吳大學推廣英語講師、北一區教育資源中心英文作文批改師。