考試寫作簡介

考試寫作簡介

基本要求

考試寫作,不論全民英檢、多益、國外留學考、升大學的考試(勉強算是),有以下幾個特點:

  1. 以分段式的短文(essay)為主。
  2. 通常要求考生在30分鐘左右,完成300的短文(指考字數在120-150字之間)。
  3. 內容分成五段,或至少四段(指考大概兩段左右)。

作答題型

大多數考試題目圍繞下面三類型的意見:

3W+1H題型 (難度較低)

題型1 – 根據一個陳述(或者沒有),問你’what’的問題,並請你說明理由。例如:

In many countries, more kids are getting overweighed. What do you think causes their overweight? Use specific reasons and examples in support of your answer.

題型2 – 根據一個陳述(或者沒有),問你’why’ 的問題,並請你說明理由。例如:

Many people volunteer their time for the community they live in. Why do you think people choose to do volunteer work? Use specific details and examples to support your answer.

題型3 – 根據一個陳述(或者沒有),問你’which’的問題,並請你說明理由。例如:

To survive the 21st century, it is said that we need to have three things: social networks, opportunities, and Chinese speaking skills. Which of the three things is most important to you? Why? Use specific details and examples to support your answer.

題型4 – 根據一個陳述(或者沒有),問你’how’的問題,並請你說明理由。例如:

We have just gone through one of the worst economic recessions in history. How has your life changed before and after the recession? Use specific details and examples to support your answer.

 

贊成或反對 (普通難)

題型1 – 針對一個觀點、看法,你表明同意與否,並說明理由。例如:

Do you agree or disagree that we should pay more for alternative energy sources to reduce air pollution problems in the city? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

題型2 – 類似題型1,針對一個現象,問你好或不好,並請你並說明理由。例如:

Some people spend more hours a day on the Internet, searching for information, shopping, texting in chat rooms, playing games, and watching movies, than they spend time with their family. Do you think this is a good idea? Support your answer with specific reasons and examples.

題型3 – 針對一個假設、虛擬的情況,你表明同意與否,並說明理由。例如:

You work for a local restaurant open to the market where English is not often used. Recently, the company has decided to add English abilities as part of employees’ performance evaluation, on which pay raise are based. Do you support or oppose this decision? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

 

比較 (較難)

題型1 – 要你從比較兩種活動、看法的優點過程中,做一個選擇。例如:

Some people think money can buy happiness. Others people think money cannot buy happiness. Compare these two views. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

題型2 – 要你從比較一種活動、看法的優、缺點過程中,做一個選擇。例如:

Some people like to watch TV commercials. Other people do not like TV commercials. What are the advantages and disadvantages of watching TV commercials? Which view do you prefer? Give reasons and/or examples to support your opinion.

題型3 – 要你從一件事情的幾個不同作法、選擇中,挑選一個。例如:

You are going to find a job. There are three main methods to do it: personal contacts, online job search and newspaper ads. Compare some of these job finding methods you could use. Tell which method you would most likely use. Why?

About the Author

游志林是英文智庫總編,從事英文編修、線上寫作教學。現任東吳大學進修推廣講師,負責全方位英文特訓班、口語、閱讀、寫作班、職場英文寫作等課程。